Economic Development

In the years following global financial crises and shocks, job creation and investment are crucial to the recovery of the global economy. The process of rebuilding is an example of economic development, whether enacted at the national, regional, local or individual level. This development will also involve policies related to unemployment, infrastructure, trade, foreign aid and harnessing emerging technologies to ensure that future workers are prepared for an increasingly digital world. IDRN aims to understand the ways that new technologies can be utilised to reduce economic inequalities; to investigate ways that countries can work collaboratively at the international level to increase opportunities; and to find new avenues for economic development, for this and future generations.

Metaverse: The next European policy challenge?

Contrary to widespread narrative, the metaverse is not a non-regulated technological environment. In the EU, the recently enhanced digital regulatory framework will provide a comprehensive set of rules to address possible challenges arising from the uptake of metaverses, spanning from competition and antitrust, to content moderation and cybersecurity.

Limits of My World: The politics of language

After the inclusion of ten Eastern European countries into the EU between 2004 and 2007, English replaced French as the lingua franca of the institutions in Brussels, with its importance to modern communication transcending the socio-economic levels of European society.

Caution or Innovation: The drivers of EU and UK AI policy

As artificial intelligence technologies advance, the EU and UK have diverged on their legal, business, and social approaches to regulating AI. With many AI companies conducting business in both markets, they must be meticulous to abide by the stringent laws of the EU while taking advantage of the UK’s innovation-first approach.

The EU-Russia Relationship: Understanding the Russian perspective

Russia and the European Union’s relationship continues to be tested since the relational breakdown in 2008 and 2014. Yet, Russia must not be written off as the EU has the opportunity to revive the dialogue with Moscow in recognising the deep historical and cultural ties between Europe and Russia.

Covid-19 and Digital Inequalities

The Covid-19 pandemic provides the EU and the Member States with an opportunity to improve digital services and reduce digital inequalities. The importance of widespread digital access has never been more apparent and European political and business leaders must act accordingly.

Digital 4.0: The chance to reunite Europe

Emerging markets such as digital 4.0 offer new opportunities for Europe’s economy to bounce back from recession and also help meet future environmental targets. IDRN explores why Digital 4.0 can be the answer to Europe’s economic puzzle.

Next Generation EU: The Union United

In only two months, the bloc’s leaders have agreed upon a recovery package. With the deal nearly done, now only needing to pass through the European and national parliaments, it is prudent to look at the main points of emphasis and identify the winners and losers of Next Generation EU.